MARYLAND & THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICTS


After each federal census, Congress determines the number of representatives for each state based on population (U.S. Constitution, Art. 1, sec. 2). Maryland retained eight seats in the U.S. House of Representatives following the 1990 federal census. Every two years, voters elect one representative from each of Maryland's eight congressional election districts (Code 1957, Art. 33, sec. 22-2).

Boundaries of Maryland's congressional election districts are defined by legislation enacted by the General Assembly. These boundaries have changed over time, and they continue to change. Local boards of elections are empowered to redefine precinct boundaries but cannot alter the election districts or wards designated by the Legislature. Consequently, boundaries defined by law for some congressional election districts may have undergone changes at the precinct level between enactments of the General Assembly (Code 1957, Art. 33, sec. 2-12).

In the boundary description of congressional election districts that follows, all references to election districts, wards, and precincts signify geographical boundaries as they existed on April 1, 1990. Precinct boundaries are dynamic. Changes are made to reflect population shifts and to ensure convenient polling places for all voters. Local boards of elections can provide current information on precincts encompassed within each district. Maryland's present congressional election districts were enacted by the General Assembly in 1991 (Chapter 4, Acts of 2nd Special Session of 1991; Code 1957, Art. 33, secs. 22-3 through 22-10).


1ST CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,684
Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's, Caroline, Talbot, Dorchester, Wicomico, Worcester & Somerset Counties; & parts of Anne Arundel County & Baltimore City, including:

2ND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,683
Harford County; & parts of Anne Arundel & Baltimore Counties, including:

3RD CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,680
Parts of Anne Arundel County, Baltimore City, Baltimore County & Howard County, including:

4TH CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,690
Parts of Prince George's & Montgomery Counties, including:

5TH CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,681
Calvert, Charles & St. Mary's Counties; & parts of Anne Arundel & Prince George's Counties, including:

6TH CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,688
Allegany, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett & Washington Counties; & part of Howard County, including:

7TH CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,680
Parts of Baltimore City & Baltimore County, including:

8TH CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION DISTRICT
1990 Population: 597,682
Parts of Montgomery County, including:

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2001

April 1, 2001   
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